The hybrid systems to be deployed in July will combine an 18-kilowatt diesel generator

One promising new type of battery, which actually has lower storage capacity than today’s lithium-ion batteries, could nevertheless prove a boon to plug-in hybrids. Lithium iron phosphate batteries use iron, a very cheap metal, instead of cobalt, and they have an inherently safe chemistry (see “Safer Lithium-Ion Batteries”). What’s more, they operate at a lower voltage that will extend the life of the electrolyte, and therefore the battery.

“I get a little skeptical when somebody thinks they’ve got a silver bullet for every application, because that’s just not consistent with reality,” says Andrew Burke, an expert on energy systems for transportation at University of California at Davis.

Nor is there much incentive for new entrepreneurial players to build flow cells. That’s because deregulation has not yet introduced true competition in the transmission and distribution business. Upstarts who challenge the power industry with flow cells could easily be thwarted by the monopolies that control the power lines. “Even if my numbers show that the markets would be worth billions, who is going to take that risk?” Iannucci asks.

The most credible, reproducible results to date, says David Tomanek, professor of physics at Michigan State University, were achieved by Mildred Dresselhaus, a physicist at MIT, and colleagues at the Chinese Academy of Sciences who reported finding a way for carbon nanotubes to store 4.2 percent of their weight in hydrogen. That may be enough for micro fuel cells, Tomanek says. “It will be lighter, smaller and safer than a tank, even at four percent, and this could be done in a couple of years. But I am an optimist,” he says.

Silicon has 10 times the theoretical lithium storage capacity of the carbon used to make battery anodes, but it’s been difficult for researchers to make it into a practical battery electrode. As large volumes of lithium ions move in and out of the material during charge and discharge, silicon swells and cracks.

Hubler claims the resulting power density (the speed at which energy can be stored or released) could be orders of magnitude greater, and the energy density (the amount of energy that can be stored) two to 10 times greater than possible with today’s best lithium-ion and other battery technologies.

The hybrid systems to be deployed in July will combine an 18-kilowatt diesel generator, similar to those currently used in the battlefield, with a 40-kilowatt-hour bank of lithium-ion batteries. The system will also include a 10-kilowatt photovoltaic solar panel array that will further lower fuel consumption.

Millennium isn’t the only company to move beyond methanol as a fuel choice.  New York City-based rival Medis Technologies utilizes a proprietary sodium borohydride chemistry to run its portable Power Pack. Nevertheless, fuel-cell technology is considered to be moving forward only slowly, as would-be developers, including some of the world’s biggest electronics makers, wrestle with issues of size, energy density, and even federal aviation regulations, which could keep such power sources off planes. In this atmosphere, the use of hydrogen, some feel, might help overcome existing challenges and propel the market forward.

Next, a virus called M13, which the researchers have employed in earlier self-assembly studies, was used to make the anode. The virus is made of proteins, which can be genetically modified to react with particular substances. In this case, it generated structured arrays of cobalt oxide nanowires on top of the solid electrolyte. Finally, the assembled electrodes were flipped over and pressed onto thin bands of platinum, which were joined to a copper contact in order to collect current from the device.

Sodium borohydride, the solution used by Millennium Cell, Medis, and the Arizona State team is becoming a popular choice to store hydrogen for portable fuel cells, says Gervasio. One reason is that it’s used with the most-established fuel cell design. This type of fuel cell works by combining hydrogen with oxygen from the air to produce electric current.

In addition, systems that use sodium borohydride can be made as small as conventional batteries because the solution stores a large amount of hydrogen in a small volume. Moreover, it’s a relatively safe liquid that isn’t flammable. “You could take a match and put it out in it,” Gervasio says.

Those who want 300-to-400-mile ranges typical of gasoline-powered vehicles will need to turn to plug-in hybrids: vehicles much like today’s gas-electric hybrids, but with a much larger battery pack that makes it possible to go longer on electric power, thereby saving gas. These batteries could be partly charged by an onboard gas engine, but also by electricity from a wall socket.

The implications are enormous and, for many, unbelievable. Such a breakthrough has the potential to radically transform a transportation sector already flirting with an electric renaissance, improve the performance of intermittent energy sources such as wind and sun, and increase the efficiency and stability of power grids–all while fulfilling an oil-addicted America’s quest for energy security.

And in such congested electricity markets as Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Maryland, deferring construction of a new power line by installing a flow cell instead could save more than $1,000 per kilowatt per year, says Joseph Iannucci, principal with Distributed Utility Associates, an energy consulting firm in Livermore, CA. By unclogging transmission bottlenecks while simultaneously playing the power markets, flow cell operators could not only make the technology practical, but also earn $4 billion in revenue annually in the United States alone, Iannucci maintains.

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this new work sets the stage for further research that could lead to even better electrode materials

The S-Class family is rounded out with the S550 and S600. The S550 offers the all-season, all-road confidence of 4MATIC all-wheel drive. It’s compact and lightweight, for sporty, balanced handling on dry roads, too. Models with AIRMATIC suspension feature a new Direct-steer system. It offers crisper feedback in sharp turns and easier parking, yet keeps minor moves smooth and stable. The superlatively smooth S 600 has a 510 horsepower, 5.5L 36-valve bi-turbo V-12 engine and is exquisite in every aspect.

Lithium-oxygen (also known as lithium-air) batteries are similar in principle to the lithium-ion batteries that now dominate the field of portable electronics and are a leading contender for electric vehicles. But because lithium-air batteries use lightweight porous carbon electrodes and oxygen drawn from a flow of air to take the place of heavy solid compounds used in lithium-ion batteries, the batteries themselves can be much lighter. That’s why leading companies, including IBM and General Motors, have committed to major research initiatives on lithium-air technology.

In a paper published this week in the journal Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, Shao-Horn, along with some of her students and visiting professor Hubert Gasteiger, reported on a study showing that electrodes with gold or platinum as a catalyst show a much higher level of activity and thus a higher efficiency than simple carbon electrodes in these batteries. In addition, this new work sets the stage for further research that could lead to even better electrode materials, perhaps alloys of gold and platinum or other metals, or metallic oxides, and to less expensive alternatives.

Carlos Ghosn, Chairman and CEO of the Renault-Nissan Alliance, said: “The Renault-Nissan Alliance knows how to work successfully in collaborative partnerships, and this experience is extremely valuable in today’s and even more tomorrow’s global auto industry. This agreement will extend our strategic collaboration and create lasting value for the Renault-Nissan Alliance and Daimler as we work on broadening and strengthening our product offering, efficiently utilizing all available resources and developing the innovative technologies required in the coming decade.”

“GM is building on its commitment to lead the development of electric vehicle technology – from battery cell design to the charging infrastructure – and today’s investment furthers our work in this area,” said Micky Bly, GM executive director, global electrical systems, hybrids, electric vehicles and batteries. “This addition will benefit consumers by helping us put cleaner, more efficient vehicles, including the Chevrolet Volt electric vehicle with extended range, on the road more quickly and affordably.”

“The future of e-mobility and the approach to technology advances in cars is expected to be divided on regional lines,” concludes Roehm. “Green alternatives, such as EVs will likely find more consumer interest in developed countries, while flex-fuels, such as ethanol and natural gas will find wider adoption in emerging markets where the local climate or resource base favors these fuels over petroleum. The outcome is likely to be a variety of powertrain technologies in the market by 2020.”

The analysis by the DTT Global Manufacturing Industry group shows that the global automotive industry is expected to benefit directly from an injection of around US$105 billion in economic stimulus funds, representing a small percentage of the estimated US$4.3 trillion in economic stimulus packages committed by various governments around the world.

Apple uses advanced chemistry, intelligent monitoring of the system and battery, and Adaptive Charging technology to create a notebook battery that delivers up to 10 hours of wireless productivity on a single charge and up to 1,000 recharges.**** The built-in battery design results in less waste and depleted batteries can be replaced for $129 or $179, which includes installation and disposal of your old battery in an environmentally responsible manner.

Snow Leopard builds on a decade of OS X innovation and success with hundreds of refinements, new core technologies and out of the box support for Microsoft Exchange. iLife features iPhoto?, to easily organize and manage photos; iMovie? with powerful easy-to-use new features such as Precision Editor, video stabilization and advanced drag and drop; and GarageBand? which introduces a whole new way to help you learn to play piano and guitar.

BASF Keropur? fuel additives help keep your engine clean and protect the entire fuel system. The portfolio comprises gasoline and diesel performance packages for effective engine cleanliness, improved fuel economy, corresponding lower emissions and a better driving experience.

As the chemical industry’s largest automotive supplier, BASF and its innovative solutions can help automotive manufacturers to fulfill car buyers’ demands and produce more cost-efficiently. All Macs come with Mac OS? X Snow Leopard?, the world’s most advanced operating system, and iLife?, Apple’s innovative suite of applications for managing photos, making movies and creating and learning to play music.

“In Germany for example, the government has set its sights to have one million EVs on the road by 2020. It is supporting this with a EUR 500 million (US$660 million) investment towards development of batteries and analysis of how EVs can be introduced in certain regions of the country5 ,” adds Hoelz.

Similarly, the French government launched a EUR 1 billion (US$1.3 billion) program in October 2009 to put plan to have two million hybrid and electrical vehicles on the road by 2020. The plan encompasses industrial research, battery development and building a network of battery-charging stations.6

A unit of The Boeing Company, Boeing Defense, Space & Security is one of the world’s largest defense, space and security businesses specializing in innovative and capabilities-driven customer solutions, and the world’s largest and most versatile manufacturer of military aircraft. Headquartered in St. Louis, Boeing Defense, Space & Security is a $34 billion business with 68,000 employees worldwide.

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The combination could be shaped to form the main structural panels of spacecraft

All this has now changed, though, according to A123 Systems. This month the Watertown, MA startup announced a new lithium ion battery, based on research done at MIT, that’s suitable for applications requiring high power output. The battery’s high power density — a measure of the watts of power it can produce per kilogram — means it’s also lighter than conventional batteries of similar size.

To improve the performance of these materials, Manthiram coated the particles with an electrically conductive polymer, which was itself treated with small amounts of a type of sulfonic acid. The coated nanoparticles were then incorporated into a small battery cell for testing. The battery will get a chance to prove itself soon: it’s being incorporated into a new line of power tools, scheduled to reach store shelves next spring, that can outperform plug-in drills and saws.

At slow rates of discharge, the materials showed an impressive capacity: at 166 milliamp hours per gram, the materials came close to the theoretical capacity of lithium iron phosphate, which is 170 milliamp hours per gram. This capacity dropped off quickly at higher discharge rates in initial tests. But Manthiram says that the new versions of the material have shown better performance.

It’s still too early to say how much the new approach will reduce costs in the manufacturing of lithium iron phosphate batteries. The method’s low temperatures can reduce energy demands, and the fact that it is fast can lead to higher production from the same amount of equipment–both of which can make manufacturing more economical.

The company’s technology is based on a new way to make the activated carbon materials used in ultracapacitor electrodes. Currently, commercial ultracapacitors are made from organic sources–one common source is coconut husk. But the original organic material can contain impurities that limit the voltage of the ultracapacitors. EnerG2’s materials are synthetic, made by a process that lets the company vary the qualities of the ultracapacitor.

For use in commercial electric vehicles, lithium battery electrodes need to last through at least 300 charge cycles. In this respect, the nanowires could face stiff competition. In December 2008, a team from Hanyang University in Ansan, South Korea, unveiled nanoporous silicon anodes that lasted for more than 100 charging cycles and could store more charge than the nanowires.

Chemist Jaephil Cho, who led the work, says that the nanoporous material has more silicon-per-unit volume than nanowires, so it can hold more charge per unit volume. However, he says, “carbon fiber [manufacturing] is easy to scale up and therefore [Cui’s] method for making carbon-silicon nanowires is believed to be very practical.”

General Motors and Applied Sciences, meanwhile, are developing nanowire anodes that are very similar to those of the Stanford team. The companies coat carbon nanofibers with silicon particles, as opposed to amorphous silicon, resulting in anodes that can store charge of 1,000 to 1,500 milliamp hours per gram.

Today’s energy-storage devices won’t work for these purposes, because they are too expensive, too cumbersome, or too limited in capacity. Take batteries, the best-known storage technology. Sodium-sulfur batteries have the capacity to store wind power that can’t be used immediately, but adding them to a wind farm would quintuple the price of electricity per kilowatt-hour, according to one estimate.

The combination could be shaped to form the main structural panels of spacecraft, saving space and allowing lighter weight or more power, claims Lithium Power president Zafar Munshi. BMDO is interested because of the potential to build lightweight micro- and nano-satellites, a key component in future versions of the missile defense system.

Eventually, cars might have similar surfaces generating power for their electrical systems (though not electric motors), Munshi says. State-of-the-art rechargeable lithium-ion batteries, which are used in laptop computers and plug-in hybrid cars, are likewise too expensive to be incorporated into the grid in bulk.

The first phase of the project aims at proving the feasibility of combining solar technology with thin-film polymers. “We’re going to be building some hardware to demonstrate the basic concept,” Munshi says. If the second phase is funded, commercial products, such as global positioning system (GPS) devices with roll-up solar cells that provide power in remote areas, could arrive within two years, Bailey predicts.

The organic solar cell used in the prototype is the same technology being developed by Konarka. (See “Solar-Cell Rollout.”) It’s based on a mix of electrically conducting polymers and fullerenes. The cells can be cut or produced in special shapes and can be printed on a roll-to-roll machine at low temperature, offering the potential of low-cost, high-volume production.

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Now the MIT group has adapted these methods to make battery electrodes

For the negative electrode, or anode, the electrolyte also works with lithium metal films, which are lighter than current anode materials. That means the battery can provide more energy for the same weight. Based on the battery’s single cell, Seeo has calculated that it would have an energy density of up to 300 watt-hours per kilogram, which is 50 percent greater than lithium-ion batteries that are on the market today.

Indeed, when subjected to an open flame, the safer electrolytes do not catch fire. As an added bonus, says 3M’s battery-research technical manager, Doug Magnuson, the new chemistries work better at extremely cold temperatures, such as minus 40 degrees Celsius, at which other electrolytes block ion flow and effectively reduce battery capacity by 80 to 90 percent.

Those driving Tesla cars won’t immediately see the added range from the new high-energy battery cells, Straubel says, since there is a lengthy process for validating the performance of new cells. What’s more, the actual range increases can vary. (For example, electronic controls keep a battery from completely discharging to help improve safety and reliability–complete discharges can harm some battery materials. The way the battery is controlled depends upon its chemistry and other details of the cell design.)

Thin-film cells also can be stored for decades and retain almost all their charge, developers say–and deliver a powerful burst of energy when finally needed. And, in many applications, they can be actively used for decades, since they can be charged and discharged tens of thousands of times.

Now the MIT group has adapted these methods to make battery electrodes. Lithium-ion batteries are charged and discharged when lithium ions move from one electrode to the other, driving or being driven by an external current. The company has developed additives for existing electrolytes, as well as new electrolytes that will not react with the electrodes.

The more total lithium the battery can store, the greater its total energy storage capacity. The faster the ions can move out of one electrode and into the other, the greater its power. In work published this week in the journal Nature Nanotechnology, the MIT group showed that lithium ions in a battery electrolyte react with oxygen-containing chemical groups on the surface of the carbon nanotubes in the film.

Some issues likely remain. For one thing, the batteries may be costly–lithium metal is the most expensive form of lithium. Also, firm data isn’t yet available on how many recharge cycles the batteries can undergo and how they respond to safety tests. Still, Nazar says, the technology has “certainly come a long way. Our developments and those of a couple of other companies are certainly enabling it to be much closer to reality.”

The new battery still has significant issues, particularly in maintaining capacity. After just five discharge and recharge cycles, the cells lost one-third of their initial energy storage capacity and ceased to function after 40 to 50 cycles. The loss is likely due to polysulfides, chemicals that form during normal discharging and recharging.

In the new lithium-ion batteries, cobalt oxide is replaced with iron phosphate, a much more stable material. Indeed, a traditional lithium-ion battery will burst into flames in abuse tests, such as being pierced by a nail (see this A123 and this Valence video). But the new materials show little reaction at all.

Earlier this year GM had picked A123 Systems as a potential supplier of lithium-ion batteries for a new version of its Saturn Vue hybrid that can be recharged by plugging it in, giving it a 10 mile all-electric range. It could be on the roads as early as 2009.

What’s more, reducing the amount of active, energy-storing material has the counterintuitive effect of increasing the composite’s storage capacity. If too much lithium is removed from conventional cobalt oxide materials, the material degrades and quickly loses its ability to fully charge and discharge. The inactive material makes it possible to use much more of the lithium without damaging the material.

The advantages of polymer materials have warranted research on polymer electrolytes for more than three decades. In fact, lithium polymer batteries are already found in radio-controlled cars and MP3 players. But they use a polymer gel containing solvents, so, like liquid electrolytes they carry the risks of fire or explosion and do not have a very long life.

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with its acknowledged reach across the region’s automotive aftermarket spectrum

Given the current economic climate, more and more local marketers are meeting over the web using video, uploaded assets, chat facility, creating virtual meeting rooms, presentations, round tables and training. “It’s not just about web conferencing,” smiles Al Riyami.

But where is digital marketing heading? “it’s impossible to predict more than a few months down the line,” suggests Al Faruji, adding, “Just look at the power of blogs and Twitter. Even a year ago, the vast majority of local marketers had never heard of Twitter, let alone thought about introducing it as a sales and marketing tool.

The HP Colour LaserJet Enterprise CP4020 Printer series, including the CP4025, is a network-ready laser printer for efficient colour printing that offers low operating costs, fast throughput, legendary reliability and professional print quality.

Lenovo PCs are engineered with the unexpected, extra features that make a difference. These features are practical and simple solutions that make everyday computing more convenient. For example, now the fingerprint reader on the ThinkPad X Series laptops works as conveniently as using an electronic pass for car going through a toll booth. Users can power on their laptop just by swiping their finger on the fingerprint reader without having to press the power button.

Lenovo is also taking the hassle out of replacing laptop batteries by offering a new three year warranty on the X Series laptops for more up and running time. Strong design and performance go hand in hand, and Think PCs are designed to last. Roll cages on the W701 and W701ds, carbon glass fiber on the X201s and the Active Protection System in all the laptops help them meet up to eight military specifications for burning and blistery temperatures, shock, high altitude and dust.

Automechanika Middle East, with its acknowledged reach across the region’s automotive aftermarket spectrum, is ideally positioned to give international manufacturers of accessories and performance products a comprehensive insight into the business in the Middle East. It also enables local companies to access a wider export market for their specialised products.

As the region’s leading managed ICT cluster, Dubai Internet City works towards driving sustainability across the region through the platform of technology. Among its vigorous recycling drive campaigns within the community, DIC also recently commissioned a white paper on how telecom operators in the region can reap cost savings through adopting sustainable technologies and meeting industry recognized environmental standards.

On successful completion of the training program, the Management Trainees will be suitably employed in participating companies, based on their aptitude and interest as well as performance during the training program. Group companies participating in the Training Program include – Amiantit Oman LLC, Areej Vegetable Oils & Derivatives SAOG, National Heaters Industries Co. LLC, Reem Batteries & Power Appliances Company SAOC, and Sadolin Paints Oman Ltd.

Also present at the event were Mr C N Rao Rane, Chief Executive Officer, Amiantit Oman, Mr Prem Maker, Executive Director, Areej Vegetable Oils & Derivatives, Mr Mohandas, Chief Executive Officer, National Heaters Industries and Mr S Gopalan, Chief Executive Officer, Reem Batteries & Power Appliances Co.

The LG T380’s stylish exterior will appeal to even the most fashion-conscious consumer. The vertical lines and groove pattern on the lid offers a luxurious look and feel, while the touchpad features hidden lighting and tactile feedback. The soft-touch keyboard is also comfortable for long sessions in front of a word processor. The LG T380 is available in a range of colors to suit individual tastes, including espresso black and neon orange.

So how does a business determine which digital elements to adopt and which to decline? By asking simple questions like what are our goals and objectives and are we looking in the right places to achieve these; where are the people I need to be influencing, at what stage of a sales process are they and what do they want to hear from us?

“If your customers are not on Twitter or Facebook then why waste your time using them as marketing tools? All too often, marketers and sales people spend their time telling customers and more critically prospects what they think they want to hear and not what they actually want to hear,” says KOM’s Marketing Director.

According to Al Faruji, “These are the issues Yousef will be tackling on Sunday evening. We want local businesses and government departments to have a stronger web presence and I’m confident Yousef will help push marketers in the right direction. Indeed, as a nation, if we want to compete on the global stage then we need a more robust web presence.”

The capsule is 11x 26mm in size, contains a lens camera, two batteries and radio frequency transmitter. It captures images at 3 frames per second at least 118800 images obtained during 11 hours and transmitting the data to a recording device worn by the patient. The data subsequently are downloaded to a computer loaded with software that allows the images to be analyzed.

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some investments in this sector have languished far longer than that

Solar company Solyndra, for one, pulled its IPO a year ago due to poor market conditions but is still in business. It has raised some $1 billion in venture capital, including investments from CMEA Ventures and Redpoint Ventures, on top of a $535 million loan guarantee from the federal government.

For their study, Chinnery’s team studied muscle cells from HIV-infected adults, some of whom had previously been given NRTIs. They found that patients who had been treated with NRTIs – even as long as 10 years previously – had damaged mitochondria similar to that of a healthy older person.

The researchers are now looking at ways to repair or stall some of the damage caused by the drugs and say they believe that focusing on exercise – which appears to have a beneficial effect on patients with mitochondrial diseases – may help.

EnerVault isn’t the only flow battery startup out there. Primus Power has received $14 million from the DOE for a $47 million project to build a 25 MW (75 megawatt-hours) zinc flow battery farm in Modesto, which also is in California’s Central Valley. Primus Power’s storage farm will demonstrate how its battery will complement wind power generation from the area, and construction is supposed to start in 2012.

Cellulosic ethanol maker Range Fuels Inc, for instance, was forced to shut down operations after raising $100 million in 2008 from Passport Capital, Khosla Ventures and others to build its first commercial plant in Georgia.

Some companies, however, are simply taking their time. Generally, venture capital companies expect exits, either IPOs or sales to make a profit on their investments, in 4 to 6 years. But some investments in this sector have languished far longer than that, forcing VCs to rethink their timetables.

“With these key investments, we can ensure that the United States remains a nation that ‘invents it here and manufactures it here’ and creates high-quality, good paying jobs for American workers,” Obama said. Last month, Primus said it had raised $11 million in venture capital from investors including DBL Investors, I2BF Global Ventures, Chrysalix Energy Venture Capital and Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers.

Many of the EV charging station and electric vehicle service companies see the potential for making money for themselves and vehicle owners by participating in ancillary services in the near term. This role of energy aggregator is already being pursued by startups that are looking to innovate ahead of the glacial pace at which most utilities shift to something new. V2G technology will be explored fully in an upcoming Pike Research report.

“The biofuels/solar `If you build it, they will come’ model of raising hundreds of millions of dollars to demonstrate technology is now dead in the water,” said Peter Hebert, managing partner of New York-based venture firm Lux Capital.

If a promising new business needs to build a factory that will prove its technology works, VCs are bringing in deep-pocketed corporate partners to fund it rather than shouldering the entire burden themselves.

Concerns about toxicity of NRTIs, particularly with long-term use, mean the drugs are now less commonly used in wealthy countries where they have been replaced by newer more expensive combination AIDS drugs with fewer side-effects.

But in poorer countries, where access to cheaper generic medicines is often the only option for HIV patients to get treatment, NRTIs are still relatively widely used.

The 250 KW system will be able to store 1 megawatt-hour of energy and power the farm’s irrigation pumps, he added. Ktech will carry out the project and combine EnerVault’s battery system with an 180 KW array of solar panels. The project will cost about $9.52 million, and the U.S. Department of Energy has awarded about $4.76 million to make it happen.

“The biofuels/solar If you build it, they will come’ model of raising hundreds of millions of dollars to demonstrate technology is now dead in the water,” said Peter Hebert, managing partner of New York-based venture firm Lux Capital.

If a promising new business needs to build a factory that will prove its technology works, VCs are bringing in deep-pocketed corporate partners to fund it rather than shouldering the entire burden themselves. EnerVault has completed its flow battery prototype and plans to install a demonstration project at an almond farm in the California Central Valley town of Turlock in the third quarter of 2012, Horne said.

It hopes for similar achievements by speeding development of new technologies such as next-generation robotics, advanced composite materials, small high-powered batteries and bio-manufacturing.

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along with thousands of trade buyers and visitors who have confirmed their participation

With prices of rare earth metals skyrocketing (about sevenfold) in the past half year, combined with a realistic threat of being cut off from crucial resources, it is logical that importing companies and countries are looking to alternatives. In the ’80s and ’90s (Western) countries closed mines due to environmental reasons and because of a lack of return on investments.

Nowadays the situation is reversed: The United States and Australia are even planning to (re)open rare earth mines again in the coming years. Before these mines become fully operational, it will take many years and much effort and of course money. In short, for many years China will keep its monopoly, thus being an important country to take into account of.

Mr Gazi Bilikozen, Senior Show Manager, Automechanika Middle East, said, “The recent import and export figures released in Dubai within the automotive industry confirm our confidence that this is still a burgeoning industry. The results from our recently concluded exhibi-tion speak the same and we intend to build on this for Automechanika Middle East 2011 which will take place from June 7 to 9.”

Another notable trend in the sector is that Dubai’s re-exports within these product groups have also registered an increase, highlighting the city’s strength as the focal point for targeting the surrounding region including the GCC, Middle East and Africa. Amongst some of the most popular re-export markets are Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Pakistan and Libya.

“Saudi automobile sales for this year have again been at very high levels and have influenced an accompanying increase in demand for various parts and services. We expect a 30% increase in our exhibition size this year compared to the previous edition that will precisely reflect the market’s sustained growth. We believe that this edition of Riyadh Motor Show will once again reflect the vibrancy of the Saudi automobile industry and reinforce the Kingdom’s status as the top automobile market in the Middle East,” said Kamil Al Jawhari, Project Manager of Riyadh Motor Show at the Riyadh Exhibitions Company.

Aside from showcasing the latest models of passenger cars, station wagons, SUVs, pick-up trucks, motorcycles, Special Purpose Vehicles, and 4×4 vehicles, Riyadh Motor Show 2010 will also cover automobile financing and insurance services. Last year’s edition welcomed over 86,000 visitors, 68% of whom were Saudi residents. The rest came from the Gulf (24%) and other countries (8%). Germany, Iran, Thailand, Australia, India, Italy and the UAE were represented during the 2009 event.

Mohammad Al Hussaini, Deputy General Manager at Riyadh Exhibitions Company, said, “Saudi Arabia has a very promising long-term growth outlook driven by a number of strategic advantages such as strong purchasing power, steady population growth, low tariffs on imported cars and minimal fuel cost. The excellent market conditions are reflected in the impressive guest list of this year’s Riyadh Motor Show and Saudi Autoshop, which have once again gathered all of the leading industry players in the automotive sector, along with thousands of trade buyers and visitors who have confirmed their participation. Moreover, a very impressive array of new cars, accessories, automotive solutions and value-added services are being showcased, so this is truly an event that should not be missed by all automotive professionals and enthusiasts.”

These include Captain Javed Latif who joins Rizon Jet as Director of Operations. He brings considerable experience in corporate aviation having flown a large variety of business jets after an illustrious career in the military.

Simon D’Oyly, newly appointed Director of Sales and Aircraft Management, joined Rizon Jet this summer from AJA in Abu Dhabi. He was also previously MD of Aircraft Management with National Air Services in Saudi Arabia. Paul Macintyre joined Rizon Jet as Manager of Maintenance from Ocean Sky Engineering where he set up an EASA 145 Bombardier approved aircraft maintenance facility.

In Doha Rizon Jet has also been steadily adding to its maintenance and technical capabilities. It is set to obtain Qatar CAA 145 approval in December 2010 and is close to attaining EASA 145 maintenance approval in January 2011. For the longer term, the organisation is pursuing approvals for maintenance accreditation on Bermudian, Isle of Man, Pakistan, UAE and Saudi Arabian-registered aircraft. With a very sizable hanagar and is capable of accommodating four Global XRS or nine Challenger 604/605 aircraft. Adjoined in-house workshops and technical offices are covering 1,579 m2.

The trouble is that many smartphone applications are set to connect to the network every few seconds, such as an email application checking for new messages. Signalling goes up as the smartphone frequently switches between states and this eats network capacity, sometimes blocking other phones from even making calls.

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This cycle is repeated throughout the period the vehicle or battery is inactive

The interior environment is not only nice to look at, it is exceedingly quiet, thanks to spray-on sound deadener, laminated steel and glass and composite wheel liners. Testing by GM showed interior sound levels better than many luxury cars.

And the cabin stays quiet no matter which engine is under the hood. The base engine is a 16-valve, dual overhead cam 2.4-litre four-cylinder engine that produces 169 horsepower and 160 lb.-ft. of torque. Optional is a 3.6-litre V6 engine, also with four valves per cylinder and dual overhead cams. This engine is rated at 252 hp and 251 lb.-ft. of torque.

Standard features are a feast for the hedonistic senses, and so, again, a list: 16-way adjustable powered driver’s seat; 12-way adjustable powered front passenger’s seat; power assist doors; an automatic powered opening and closing trunk; wallet sized smart card key and push button start; a hard-disc based navigation system with voice recognition; power rear window sunshade and rear side window auto sunshades; a clearance and back-up sensor and back-up camera; accessory power outlets and LED map lamps; and four-zone independent front and rear climate control with air purification, soft-touch heater controls, and rear seat heater ducts.

A word about fuel economy: the figures given below are supplied by Natural Resources Canada’s “Energuide” program. Fuel consumption is affected by a range of factors, including driving style, the outside temperature, wind direction, tire inflation, vehicle type, vehicle aerodynamics (coefficient of drag), and, of course, speed. Therefore, the Energuide ratings are regarded as a guide, rather than a guarantee.

Not quite so simple as it sounds though, as the car must be in neutral or any gear other than first for the gas engine to shut down. I soon got into the habit of putting the car in neutral when coming to a stop. Tapping on the throttle and/or slipping it in gear instantly fires up the engine and you’re on your way.

Another strategy in fuel conservation is the auto stop feature, which has you sitting in eerie silence at stoplights while the rest of the world buzzes all around. The Insight was available with a CVT (continuously variable transmission) in the US, but not here.

With consumers significantly elevating the importance of fuel economy when purchasing a new vehicle, you can expect that the range of “alternative” fuel options and fuel efficient technologies will proliferate. If vehicles that utilize such technologies are made more affordable — which is now the trend as hybrids and sophisticated engine management systems like Honda’s VCM become more widespread — many more consumers will have the means to buy into “green” technology, even if they don’t think of themselves as “environmentalists.”

Steering in the four-cylinder and hybrid models is electric. It is one of the best examples of this new technology that I’ve driven, with a good weight and decent on-centre feel. It was not twitchy, like I’ve experienced with some smaller cars, only wandered off centre gradually and did not feel significantly different from the six-cylinder model’s traditional hydraulic steering.

Considering the fuel saving, the four-cylinder Malibu is well worth a look. Cost is lower and fuel savings are significant – 9.6 L /100 km city and 6.5 L/100 km highway, compared to 12.2 and 7.8 for the V6 – and you don’t have to give up creature comforts to drive a four.

Okay. The part you’ve all been waiting for. After covering 900 km of mixed driving, my wind cheating eco-mobile turned in a painless 3.8 L/100. That’s better than the other fuel-economy champions I’ve driven which include the Smart Fortwo, Toyota Prius and VW Jetta TDI.

Strangely, the Insight went largely unnoticed during my week of buzzing around the GTA. A younger and hipper musician friend of mine may have hit it dead on when he said, “It’s not futuristic enough to be cool. It just looks lame.”

Most of them, including the i-MiEV, use lithium-ion battery packs because of their slower discharge rate, better energy-to-weight ratio and lack of memory effect (they can be recharged at any time without losing capacity) when compared with other automotive batteries such as nickel-metal hydride and lead-acid.

It’s that time of year when many of us are putting away collector/hobby cars for the winter. One thing that many of us overlook is maintaining the battery when in storage. Yes, we can take it out of the vehicle and store it in a cool dry spot for the winter, but that just isn’t always convenient. There is an easy way of keeping your vehicle’s battery in near-perfect working condition over long periods of inactivity, and that is to use a charger/maintainer.

What is really unique about a battery charger/maintainer is that it will charge up your battery as well as keep it in topped-up and then turn itself off when not needed. The unit does this by monitoring the battery’s voltage and automatically turns the charger on when it senses any drop in the voltage. This cycle is repeated throughout the period the vehicle or battery is inactive.

This time of year, most enthusiasts have put their summer toys away for the winter. Bikes, boats, RV’s and classic cars are all hunkered down for a long winter sleep, awaiting a spring awakening. One common element amongst all these playthings is the battery.

A battery is a series of galvanic (voltaic) cells used for the production and storage of electricity. Batteries don’t last forever – their lifetimes are measured in cycles, or how many times they can be discharged and recharged. Maintaining the battery and using the proper charger will dramatically increase its life, and when spring arrives you won’t have the click-click blues.

Your battery is only one small part of your vehicle, but nothing has a harder job to do during cold weather. A good battery will supply power to crank over a frozen engine with ease. A poor battery doesn’t survive long in our winter climate, but even good batteries can become weak and need a little extra care. Here are some tips to keep your battery doing its job when the temperature plummets.

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Chinese companies are also distinguishing themselves in green technology

Chinese manufacturers including Foxconn, a division of the Hon Hai Group of Taiwan, earn a combined $6.54 from assembling the components, which amounts to a mere 3.5 percent of the material cost of the iPhone. “We’ve concluded Hon Hai’s labor-intensive model is not sustainable,” says Isaac Wang at iSuppli Research.

“The team will know about vibrations in the wings, about the position of the flight controls, about the efficiency of the solar cells, all the energy that gets in, all the energy that gets out,” he said. Piccard initiated the project in 1999, setting his sights on such solar-powered flight after he circumnavigated the world in a balloon.

Solar Impulse’s Chief Executive Officer Andre Borschberg is the pilot for this historic night flight. He explained that these solar-powered flight plans have a limited window of opportunity because the project relies on stable weather and long, sunny days. “July is a very good month so we’d like to use this month to do — and we plan to do — two flights through the nights, and we really will fight to make them successfully,” said Andre Borschberg.

Chinese companies are also distinguishing themselves in green technology. The nation’s mining and energy firms are focusing on eco-friendly power generation technologies to reduce pollutants by gasifying coal. In the rechargeable batteries sector, companies such as Shenzhen-based BYD are making names for themselves in the world market.

Destroyers and support vessels, P-3C maritime patrol aircraft, helicopters, and Navy and coast guard commandos for interdiction missions will participate in the exercise to interdict suspicious ships and seize weapons of mass destruction.

Competition is intensifying in the global market for electric cars, and Japanese and Chinese carmakers are leading the way. Around 158 Japanese companies, including Fuji Heavy Industries, Mitsubishi, Nissan, Toyota and the Tokyo Electric Power Company, recently established the CHAdeMO Association, which aims to increase quick-charger installations worldwide and standardize charging formats.

Some components of the phone are made by small Korean companies. One of them is Amotech, which manufactures the varistors used in the iPhone 4. Varistors are used to protect circuits against excessive voltage in mobile handsets. Interflex, another small Korean company, produces the flexible printed circuit boards, or FPCB, through which electricity travels, serving as the blood vessels of mobile phones.

The shuttle arrived at the orbiting outpost last Sunday.  NASA will use other space shuttles for two more missions due to take place later this year.  That will mark the end of the space-shuttle program.

Piccard said the fact that they had to postpone the take-off last week is not a problem in the longterm. “You know, aviation didn’t need just a couple of weeks to go from the Wright Brothers to the moon landing,” said Piccard. “It’s a lot of time. It’s a lot of problems to be solved. It’s an adventure, you know.”

But Hyundai Motor, Korea’s largest carmaker, is lagging behind in the race. The Korean company will roll out a mere 30 units of its i10 electric car this year and plans to produce only around 300 to 500 next year. That pales in comparison to Nissan, which aims to sell 50,000 Leaf electric cars in the U.S. starting at the end of this year, and Mitsubishi, which is targeting sales of 9,000 i-MiEV electric cars in the U.S. and Europe.

The Korean government plans to let high-speed electric cars go through a trial period in August before offering subsidies for buyers. But such subsidies will not be available until after next year. At this rate, experts say, local small and mid-sized electric carmakers will end up going bankrupt, pushed out by rapidly-expanding Chinese and Japanese rivals.

Samsung Group announced on Tuesday it will invest W23.3 trillion into five business areas to develop its future growth industries (US$1=W1,137). It plans to invest W6 trillion into solar cells, W5.4 trillion into rechargeable batteries for hybrid and electric vehicles, W8.6 trillion into light-emitting diode (LED) technologies, W2.1 trillion into biopharmaceuticals and W1.2 trillion on medical devices. “When the investments are completed by 2020, we will have created 450,000 jobs and generated W50 trillion in sales,” the company said.

New York City Police disarmed a bomb inside a sport utility vehicle in the city’s busy theater district on Saturday night, avoiding what officials say could have been a “very deadly event.” Law enforcement officials are looking through hours of video surveillance tapes and examining other evidence to find the person responsible for what authorities say could have been an act of terrorism.

Following the U.S. and Chinese markets, LG Chem has now made inroads into the European electric vehicle battery market. Its list of customers for battery packs includes General Motors, Hyundai-Kia Automotive Group, and China’s Chang’an Automobile Group.

Military officials and experts believe that if a North Korean torpedo was involved in the sinking of the South Korean Navy corvette Cheonan, it was probably launched from a 325-ton Shark-class submarine. The sub ranks between a full-blown submarine and a mini-sub in terms of size.

South Korean military intelligence are reportedly focusing on the fact that one or two Shark-class submarines from a submarine base in Cape Bipagot, South Hwanghae Province are unaccounted for during the time of the Cheonan’s sinking.

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petrol engine or both – and another dial displays the charge level of the battery

The Securities and Exchange Commission declined to comment. Sokol said in an interview with CNBC Thursday morning that he has not been contacted by investigators and that he had done nothing wrong.

Buffett declined Wednesday to answer questions about Sokol’s resignation beyond what he said in his statement. And Buffett did not respond to questions Thursday about whether Sokol’s actions had hurt Berkshire’s reputation.

The bodies of the two mega-campers are substantially the same, although one also has a rear vehicle bay for a quad. The windows of the living area are double-glazed, can all be opened and are fitted with mosquito nets and roller blinds.

The bedroom is at the back and a comfortable, leather-upholstered seating area for four to six people in front, with a table that can be electrically lowered to form a second double bed. There’s also a marble-floored bathroom with underfloor heating, a separate shower cubicle, a toilet/bidet combination, washbasin and three-door vanity unit.

“She rose, a jade jewel, out of the sea. Her lush green coat was fringed with the black lace of the cliffs and her heights draped with scintillating snow.”

That’s not the same scene experienced by current travellers to the island, such as those who sailed there this month for the opening of the new research base. Stellenbosch University researcher Professor Steven Chown, who has visited Marion on many occasions since 1983, says Marsh’s “jade jewel” has disappeared.

Now one has and it’s none other than the BBC’s Top Gear TV show. Tesla Motors, a high-end electric car specialist from the USA, is suing TG over an episode first aired in December 2008, in which the boys raced a Tesla Roadster against the petrol-powered Lotus Elise on which it’s based.

However, the action ended after 88km with the Tesla being pushed and Jeremy Clarkson saying it had run out of charge. According to Tesla the car’s batteries never died, and TG’s subsequent excuse was that it was simply showing what could happen. Tesla also refutes the show’s claim that the brakes broke.

Tesla’s first response, quite fairly, was to ask for a retraction but since that never happened and that show is still bouncing around in repeats and on DVD, Tesla finally stripped its moer and filed a lawsuit.

Berkshire announced Sokol’s resignation late Wednesday. On Thursday, the company’s stock fell 2.1 percent as investors worried whether the incident would tarnish Berkshire’s sterling reputation or become a distraction for the company.

Sokol’s actions may not have been illegal, experts say, but are still likely to attract the attention of investigators. And for a company that has carefully cultivated a squeaky-clean reputation, it is a rare black mark.

With 40 points already in the bag, a top eight finish seems secure for Clinton Larsen’s men, but they will want to cement their grip on fifth place and be the ‘best of the rest’ behind the four title challengers placed above them on the log.

Vasco, on the other hand, will be looking over their shoulders nervously, fully aware that they could yet fall into a scrap to avoid the fate of finishing in the relegation playoff spot.

Heading into this round of league matches, the Cape side are just five points clear of second-from-bottom Moroka Swallows. Retaining their top flight status seemed an easy task just a couple of months back, but Vasco have hit a lean run of five games without a win.

Analysts are split about Intel’s prospects. Some say Intel is too late to the game to score any major market share. Others caution that Intel, with $11.7 billion in net income last year on $43.6 billion in revenue, has plenty of money to pour into making its mobile division a winner.

The car is permanently connected to the internet and the cabin is a wi-fi hotspot; holders for iPads are built into the back of the front seats – the driver still has to hold his on his lap, however.

Inside, Audi has given the cyberwarriors free rein: a “power meter” replaces the conventional rev-counter, with a needle that indicates the total system output on a scale of 0 to 100 percent and a second scale divided into coloured segments. The green and orange segments show at a glance where the car is getting its motivation – electric motor, petrol engine or both – and another dial displays the charge level of the battery.

Electric cars are also a key part of China’s efforts to curb its voracious appetite for imported oil and gas, which communist leaders see as a strategic weakness. “The energy security advantages for them are enormous,” said Seligsohn. “Switching people to electricity that you can produce domestically is very appealing.”

Beijing has long pushed for technology transfer in fields from high-speed rail to clean energy as a condition of contracts or licences. China’s bullet trains are based on European and Japanese technology but are being marketed in Latin America and the Middle East, prompting complaints it is violating the spirit of such agreements.

China’s vehicle manufacturing policies have provoked disputes with Washington and other trading partners. The US, Europe and Canada launched a World Trade Organisation (WTO) case in 2006 challenging Beijing’s effort to compel makers to use Chinese-made components by imposing higher taxes on cars made with more than 40 percent foreign parts. The WTO ruled against Beijing in 2008, but by then they had developed local suppliers.

This has filled a gap where municipal recycling has failed, but the batteries collected are only a fraction of the estimated 30 000 tons of batteries disposed of in South African landfills each year.

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